BOOK REVIEW: Paynes Prairie

BOOK REVIEW: Paynes Prairie


Paynes Prairie: A History of the Great Savanna by Lars Andersen

I’m convinced his mother qualified for sainthood. Seriously. Lillian Andersen used to drive her son Lars to Paynes Prairie so he could spend the day exploring, then picked him up in the evening with his day’s finds which often included snakes. Snakes!

I too was a Gainesville mom but the first time my sons came home from exploring a creek and opened a sack that contained an old rat snake I took one look and said:

“One of us is leaving and it isn’t me.”

No sainthood at my house but I can  and do admire Lars’ mom.

Lars Andersen grew up to be an enthusiastic explorer who shares his love of Florida history, nature and cultural heritage with kayak and walking tours through his Adventure Outpost in High Springs. Just reading the descriptions of upcoming trips is a treat.

Paynes Prairie – a place to explore, love and write about

The place he loved as a boy became a labor of love and a great book as an adult. Want a huge treat? Pick up his book Paynes Prairie: A History of the Great Savanna, published by Pineapple Press in 2001.

book cover

Lars was living in Texas researching North Central Florida history for an audiotape for car travelers. He found, to his surprise, that Paynes Prairie had a big role in this history. Even better, there was no book on the subject.

There is now. Paynes Prairie: A History of the Great Savanna, is an exquisite read that moves from millions of years ago to the present with such easy grace that you’d better buckle up and keep the coffee cup full, you won’t be putting this book down.

The history of Paynes Prairie is the history of migration and it isn’t over yet. In the mid and late Miocene, eons ago, the land bridge across the Bering Strait brought animals that found their way to Florida. Paynes Prairie was a savanna full of grass and they loved it. So did animals coming up from another land bridge joining North and South America.

But these migrations paled to the later arrivals of Indians, Spaniards, French, English, settlers, pirates, politicians – you get the picture. Even though the reader knows the Indians – first Paleo-Indians then Potano, Creeks, Seminoles along with runaway slaves – none will be able to hold on to Paynes Prairie in the face of settlers, Christian missionaries, political greed and a President named Andrew Jackson who loathed Indians – Lars paints the encounters in such a vivid way I found myself hoping the Indians would win. They did not.

Paynes Prairie preserved as a state park

With the migration of settlers who wanted quick access to farmland and distant places, dikes and highways were built and they seriously plundered the natural ecosystem. Debates on how to restore or create ecosystems continue to this day. Mercifully, a 17,346-acre tract of the Paynes Prairie basin became a state preserve in 1970. If you haven’t been, start your journey by reading his book then take a trek to Paynes Prairie Preserve State Park near Gainesville.

It came as a big surprise to me to see the depth of his bibliography – over 90 titles in all.  Lars condenses a huge amount of knowledge into 139 very readable pages. This is the GO TO book on Paynes Prairie. It is available in hardcover and paperback.

Note: the new paperback edition of Paynes Prairie: The Great Savanna: A History and a Guide (2003) offers activities that can be done in the preserve along with maps.

* REVIEWS:Ah, so fine in the evening to make a bowl of organic popcorn and curl up with a good book, preferably about Florida! It is hard work but enjoyable. Reviewing Florida books starts this month. Enjoy.

Lucy and Obi
Lucy and Obi



ps. Obi likes popcorn too. Well, don’t we all?







More to Explore

Seeing sandhill cranes at Paynes Prairie

Gainesville is good to go for all seasons

Take the winding road to a botanical garden

Funky Florida, Cedar Key at the End of the Road

Funky Florida, Cedar Key at the End of the Road

This small Florida town calls itself a city. Pretentious? Heck, when you live at the end of the road and are a throwback to a slower time then you can be whatever you want to be.

The City of Cedar Key sits on a large spatter of an island, surrounded by more islands and kissed by the Gulf of Mexico. Get there by going west on State Road 24, a straight shot through the woods. Take the two-lane road to the very end and voila, you’ve arrived.

Cedar Key waits for you at the end of the road

Could Cedar Key be the funkiest Florida town/city ever? Yep. Could be.

Where else will you find one resident curmudgeon, the best clam chowder in the world and dogs in every block straining on their leashes?

Funky Florida - Cedar Key walking the dog
Walking the dog is a popular Cedar Key activity. Photo by Lucy Tobias

Plus Cedar Key has Second Street, just a few blocks long with more art galleries than parking places.

Funky Florida - Cedar Key Second Street
Sign on Second Street. Photo by Lucy Tobias
Funky Florida - Cedar Key art center
Mosaic art at Cedar Key Art Center. Photo by Barbara Fitos

Dogs without leashes step across the street like they know the route, part of their daily routine.

Add on the Island Hotel & Restaurant, with rooms rumored to be haunted, some of them anyway, and a restaurant that serves great dinners. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, this building anchors the corner of Second and B Street and has since 1859.

Cedar Key has one zip code and many art galleries

All this and more located in one zip code – 32625.

Funky Florida - Cedar Key pelicans
Pelicans on Dock Street. Photo by Susan Peters

Cedar Key celebrates stunning sunsets over the Gulf of Mexico, has two fishing piers, hopeful fishermen, more birds than people, two history museums on an island with a census showing 927 people on a good day, great shelling, snorkeling and finally smiling locals who stop visitors like us to ask hopefully “Are you here to stay a few days?”

We began our visit to funky 32625 with food, standing outside in line waiting to get into Tony’s Seafood.

Funky Floarida - Cedar Key Tony's Seafood
Old doors, entrance to Tony\’s Seafood. Photo by Barbara Fitos

Their clam chowder has won “world’s best” two years in a row. Tony’s, on the corner of 2nd Street and D Street (SR 24), occupies the first floor of the Hale Building built around 1880.

Hale was a busy guy. In 1880 Henry Hale built a house at the west end of Sixth Street that looked out over a bayou called Goose Cove. In the 1920s St. Clair Whitman bought the house, raised a family and stayed until his death in 1959.

The house stood empty for a long time and we all know what that means. Scheduled for demolition in 1991 the Whitman family offered it for free to anyone who would move it.

Local citizens and elected officials formed a partnership with the Florida Park Service. The small red house with a metal roof was moved to the grounds of Cedar Key Museum State Park.

Funky Florida - Cedar Key Whitman Kitchen
Table in the Whitman Kitchen, circa 1920s. Photo by Susan Peters

A restoration, completed in 2002, polished the floors, expanded the house, put in furniture from the 1920’s and 1930’s and displayed some of Whitman’s extensive collections, especially shells.

Funky Florida - Cedar Key St. Clair Whitman House
The St.Clair Whitman House. Photo by Susan Peters

You can do a self-guided tour of the home as part of your $2 park visit admission fee. The park also has a sweet museum with displays of Cedar Key’s history timeline. With all the marshes and tidal flats it comes as no surprise that the Timucuan Indians liked this place a lot. Artifacts put them here as early as 1500.

Funky Florida – Cedar Key – eat, shop, soak up history

Back to the food. We waited. Unlike the Timucuans who scooped their seafood out of the water, we wanted ours already harvested and cooked by someone else. After soaking up some sunrays we were ushered inside Tony’s.

Two thumbs up. The clam chowder is seriously wonderful and well worth the wait. Plus I had steamed clams on the side and they were pretty amazing too.

Aquaculture is big here. The demise of mullet fishing (gill nets were banned in 1995) led to retraining fishermen for growing clams in beds in the Gulf of Mexico. In 1997 clam farming produced 100 million clams.
If you like seafood, keep the record numbers going by coming here to eat your share. One opportunity – attend the annual Clamerica Clelebration on the Fourth of July, named a Top 20 Event by the Southeast Tourism Society.

Tony’s sits on a busy intersection.

Funky Florida - Cedar Key signs
Colorful sign at 2nd and D streets. Photo by Barbara Fitos

Across the street is Curmudgeonalia with books (a good Florida selection), cards and gifts. The owner is a resident curmudgeon Dick Martens (I am not making this up). This is the only bookstore within 60 miles.

Funky Florida - Cedar Key Curmudgeon
Curmudgeon sign, photo by Susan Peters

On the opposite corner is the Cedar Key Historical Museum housed in the Lutterlogh Building also built around 1880. Cedar Key recycles its buildings and treasures its history.

Just inside the museum door look left to see the arched doorway that once led to the Maddox Theater. The theater is gone but they saved the doors.

A self-guided walking tour has a new color booklet you can purchase with photos and descriptions. The price will be about $10 but the tour guides hadn’t arrived when we were there and the price was still iffy.

By the time we finished lunch and moved next door to plunder a truly eclectic consignment shop called Déjà Vu, we all agreed a day trip to Cedar Key was not enough. The locals are right – stay a few days.

Stay a few days in Cedar Key

Cedar Key is a small place. The pace is slow and yet you can’t drink it all up in four to five hours. Why would you want to? The laid back atmosphere aches for slowing down, for quality time with friends and family, for long conversations and good browsing through the art galleries, then sitting at the beach or renting a kayak and exploring the islands.

Funky Florida - Cedar Key City Park
View of the Gulf of Mexico at City Park. Photo by Barbara Fitos

Consider this – if you are going to stay for the sunset show, why not spend the night? Beats the long drive back in the dark on SR 24.

Suggested excursion: a sunset cruise with Captain Doug’s Tidewater Tours, the cost is $25 per person.
The closest island is Atsena Otie Key and it is here that Cedar Key began as an army supply depot, 1836, and hospital, 1840. It is easy to see Atsena Otie Key from the new pier and dream of taking a day cruise over there to seek out the historical remains.

As we walked around we saw lots of rentals for condos, cottages, B&Bs, homes, hotels, apartments and rooms.

If it is view you want Harbour Master Suites on Dock Street all face west towards the Gulf of Mexico and that means splendid gulf views.

The Faraway Inn, a certified Green Lodging Florida, is pet friendly and sits on the site of the 19th Century Eagle Pencil Company Cedar Mill. We saw happy dogs outside when we went by.

There are 10 rooms at the Island Hotel. In keeping with historical ambiance there are no televisions or phones in the rooms of the main hotel.

Remember cedar pencils? They were made here in Cedar Key

The museums tell the story of all those pencil factories but not a whole lot of cedars to be seen today. They were chopped down before conservation policies. Backack in the 1800’s cedars were a hot item. In 1855 Eberhard Faber set off a timber boom when he bought large tracts of acreage in Levy County and started a pencil factory. You can buy a pencil smelling strongly of cedar at the Cedar Key Historical Museum.

Combine all the timber activity with Dave Yulee’s building of a cross-Florida railroad from Fernandina Beach to Cedar Key and it is easy to imagine Cedar Key as a booming port town. The population peaked at 1,887 in 1885.

Now that might not sound like much to someone from Chicago or Miami but Levy County in 1885 only had 5,000 people.

Cedar Key once called the Venice of America

A newspaper clipping from the time called Cedar Key “the Venice of America”. Well, why not? When you are living the end of the line, literally, go for it.

Is the Venice of America a city or a town? It doesn’t matter. Cedar Key is a great place. We’re going back soon and stay a few days.

Speaking of small towns, Cedar Key is one of 20 American towns selected by Budget Travel Magazine as America’s coolest small towns. Until February 11 you can vote for Cedar Key by going to their Web site and casting a vote.

Funky Florida - Cedar Key Arts Center
Mosaic fisherman at Cedar Key Arts Center. Photo by Susan Peters

Upcoming events:

Sat. Feb. 19 at 1 p.m. – Historical Society Auction to be held at the Island Hotel. Lively bidding on collectibles including china, art work, antiques and more.

Monday, Feb. 28 at 10:30 a.m. join Refuge Ranger at Cedar Key Library for a program on bats and bat houses. Did you know there is a giant bat house on the Suwannee River that holds 40,000 bats? Learn how to make your own bat house for natural mosquito control.

March 16-20, Levy County Railroad Days (150th anniversary of the completion of the Florida Railroad), events in Bronson, Otter Creek, Cedar Key, see Web site for days and times.

According to George Sresovich with the Historical Society this is going to be a really huge event. From 9-4 p.m. on March 18,19 & 20 the Cedar Key Community Center will have the Ocala Model Railroaders’ Historic Preservation Society Florida Railroad Display.

See the trains. Then go to Tony’s for chowder or get a bowl of crab bisque at the Island Hotel. Want more? You have lots of seafood choices at restaurants lining Dock Street, all with those famous Gulf views.

April 2-3, Cedar Key Arts Center presents the 47th Annual Old Florida Celebration of the Arts. Yes, it is true. Cedar Key is a very small town with limited parking. For festivals, people park their cars on outlying keys and shuttle buses bring them into town.

For an event calendar with contact information see the Cedar Key Chamber’s Web site.

Funky Florida - cedar key - mosaic bird
Mosaic bird. Photo by Barbara Fitos

©2011 Lucy Beebe Tobias
Note: This Saturday Morning Magazine story is part of an occasional series on funky small towns in Florida. Want to share the adventures? Ask your friends to subscribe to the free Saturday Morning Magazine, it is easy to sign up on my Web site,, so they can get all the great stories about undiscovered Florida and beyond.


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Five Fun Things to Do in April

Five Fun Things to Do in April

Ah, spring. Open the windows. Let in fresh air. Inhale. Find fun things to do.

Makes you restless, doesn’t it? Have I got a cure for you – five fun events for April all happening in places from my book “50 Great Walks in Florida.”

Chapter 1: The Joys of Meandering: Alfred B. Maclay Gardens State Park, Tallahassee.
Saturday, April 5 at the Gardener’s Cottage from 3-5 p.m. is a program on spring arrangements for your Easter table. Program is free with park admission.

And did you know that every Monday you could volunteer to work in the gardens and the greenhouse and learn gardening techniques? Call 850-487-4115 to let them know you are coming.

Chapter 13: Traverse Two Terrains: Little Talbot Island State Park, Jacksonville.

Beach at Little Talbot Island State Park

Saturday, April 11 at 1 p .m. join a park ranger for a talk on shark’s teeth and the kinds found on the area’s beaches. Also check their Web site for ranger-led nature and beach walks.

Chapter 29: Garden of Delights; Harry P. Leu Gardens, Orlando.
Friday, April 3 is Date Night at the Gardens. Gardens open at 6 p.m. and a movie “Mama Mia” shows at 8:30 p.m. Bring a blanket or chairs and dinner picnic basket. Admission $7 plus tax for adults and $2 plus tax for children.

Hibiscus in bloom

Come back on Saturday, April 11 for their Hibiscus Show and Sale. The Plant sale starts at 9 a.m. and a hibiscus show runs from 1-5 p.m. Free admission to the show. Expert advice on taking care of your hibiscus from the Central Florida Hibiscus Society.

Chapter 33: “Gardens, Landscapes, and Native Habitats: Florida Botanical Gardens, Largo.
Celebrate Earth Day on April 18. From 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. admission and parking is free. The usual produce and products with their Saturday Market in the Park will be there plus exhibits and experts to share easy ways to protect Mother Earth.

Come early. The first 60 participants receive a free native oak tree.

Chapter 36: Mangroves, Orchids, and a Bo Tree: Marie Selby Botanical Gardens, Sarasota.

Walkway at Marie Selby Botanical Gardens

Through April 18 is an exhibit and sale called Rainforest Masks featuring master carvers from an indigenous reserve next to a rainforest in Costa Rica.
Visit on a Sunday afternoon and hear live music in the gardens from 1-3 p.m. On Sunday, April 5 music is by the Swing Merchants.

So, fill up the gas tank – go forth and enjoy. Oh, yes, and take 50 Great Walks with you!

Copyright 2009 Lucy Beebe Tobias. Lucy is the Authentic Florida expert for VISIT FLORIDA and the author of 50 Great Walks in Florida, University Press of Florida